The ancient Greek philosopher Thales was the first person to systematically seek to understand the sources of motion and change. Today we know there are four sources that cause motion.
- Gravity: gravitational interaction enables us to position, manipulate the orbits of satellites, calculate the trajectory of lunar missions as well as understand the orbits of other planets. It remains the first source for understanding the cause of motion. However, contemporary theory assumes that gravity takes the form of a wave called ‘gravitons; the most interesting component or feature of gravity it that is almost always irreversible, meaning that it always attracts never repels.
- Electromagnetic: this is an electric charge on particles that produce a magnetic field. Similar to how signals transmit through the air for wi-fi or across neural pathways of the brain, electromagnetism possess characteristics of great versatility.
- Strong Force: no, it isn’t Star Wars! A super strong force holds together the atoms that makeup the nucleus; because protons have a positive charge, they naturally repel each other, DESPITE THIS, the atomic nucleus holds together ANYWAY. This “STRONG INTERACTION” holding together an ordered nucleus is hundreds of times stronger than electromagnatism.
- Weak Force: this force works on/operates on a family of particles (electrons, muons, talons, neutrinos.) Both the STRONG/WEAK FORCE are basically characteristics of the subatomic world.
Two points of interest to consider: since the Enlightenment, the west has allowed itself to be overwhelmed by positive science which today embody the pejorative term “scientism“. We known there are other distinct valuations outside the verities of mathematics that embody truth claims consistent with the limitations of realism, idealism, empiricism etc. . .
Two guys should help you discern how best to go forward. . .
“What has been thought of as a particle will have to be though of as a series of events. The series of events that replaces the particle has certain important physical properties, and therefore demands our attention but nothing more. Thus, ‘matter‘ is not a part of the ultimate material of the world, but merely a convenient way of collecting events into bundle.”